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Move data

The move_chunk function requires multiple tablespaces set up in PostgreSQL, so let's start with a quick review of how this works.

Creating a tablespace

First, add a storage mount that will serve as a home for your new tablespace. This process will differ based on how you are deployed, but your system administrator should be able to arrange setting up the mount point. The key here is to provision your tablespace with storage that is appropriate for how its resident data will be used.

To create a tablespace in Postgres:

CREATE TABLESPACE history
OWNER postgres
LOCATION '/mnt/history';

Here we are creating a tablespace called history that will be owned by the default postgres user, using the storage mounted at /mnt/history.

Move Chunks

Now that we have set up a new, empty tablespace, we can move individual chunks to there from the default tablespace. The move chunks command also allows you to move indexes belonging to those chunks to the secondary tablespace (or another one).

In addition, the move_chunk function has the ability to "reorder" the chunk during the migration in order to enable faster queries. This behavior is similar to reorder_chunk; please see that documentation for more information.

To determine which chunks to move, we can list chunks that fit a specific criteria. For example, to identify chunks older than two days:

SELECT show_chunks('conditions', older_than => INTERVAL '2 days');

We then can move _timescaledb_internal._hyper_1_4_chunk along with its index over to history, while reordering the chunk based on its time index:

SELECT move_chunk(
  chunk => '_timescaledb_internal._hyper_1_4_chunk',
  destination_tablespace => 'history',
  index_destination_tablespace => 'history',
  reorder_index => '_timescaledb_internal._hyper_1_4_chunk_netdata_time_idx',
  verbose => TRUE
);

Once this successfully executes, we can verify that our chunk now lives on the history tablespace by querying pg_tables to list all of the chunks that are on history:

SELECT tablename from pg_tables
  WHERE tablespace = 'history' and tablename like '_hyper_%_%_chunk';

As you will see, the target chunk is now listed as residing on history; we can similarly validate the location of our index:

SELECT indexname FROM pg_indexes WHERE tablespace = 'history';

Additional data tiering examples

After moving a chunk to a slower tablespace, you may want to move a chunk back to the default, faster tablespace:

SELECT move_chunk(
  chunk => '_timescaledb_internal._hyper_1_4_chunk',
  destination_tablespace => 'pg_default',
  index_destination_tablespace => 'pg_default',
  reorder_index => '_timescaledb_internal._hyper_1_4_chunk_netdata_time_idx'
);

Alternatively, you may decide to move a data chunk to your slower tablespace, but keep the chunk's indexes on the default, faster tablespace:

SELECT move_chunk(
  chunk => '_timescaledb_internal._hyper_1_4_chunk',
  destination_tablespace => 'history',
  index_destination_tablespace => 'pg_default',
  reorder_index => '_timescaledb_internal._hyper_1_4_chunk_netdata_time_idx'
);

You could perform the opposite as well (keeping the data in pg_default but moving the index to history), or setup a third tablespace (history_indexes) and move the data to history and its corresponding indexes to history_indexes.

Finally, with the introduction of user-exposed automation in TimescaleDB 2.0, you can use move_chunk within TimescaleDB's job scheduler framework. Please see our Actions documentation for more information.

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